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Disability Rights Movement Enters The Picture (1972 – 1976)

(1972) First Center for Independent Living (CIL), a dis­ability rights resource and advocacy center opens in Berkeley, California.

(1973) President Richard M. Nixon signs Rehabilitation Act. FCC terminates Computer Inquiry initiated in 1966 to resolve regulation and policy problems presented by independent computer and communication facilities and services; deems pure telecommunications to be regu­lated, not data processing.

(1975) President Gerald Ford signs Education of All Handicapped Children Act. National Center for Law and the Deaf (NCLD) opens at Gallaudet College.

(1976) FCC, Amtrak, IRS and other federal agencies install toll-free TTY numbers. HEW receives authority from Congress to award grants for dem­onstrating new telecommunications technologies.